Designation:

MERKAVA Mk-2

Info
Manufacturer: I.M.I. Israel Military Industries Ltd  
Product type: Armoured Vehicles  
Name: Main battle tank  

The Merkava is the main battle tank in service with the Israeli armed forces. The first Merkava Mk 1 tanks were supplied to the Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) in 1979. Production of the Mk 1 continued up to 1983, when the IDF began to receive the Merkava Mk 2. The Mk 2 featured improved mobility, fire control system and armour, as well as the inclusion of an internal 60 mm mortar. Production of Mk 2 continued until 1990 when it was superseded by the Mk 3.

The Merkava Mk 3 entered service with the IDF at the beginning of 1990. All systems and assemblies were of new design and all, except for the engine, are of Israeli design and production. Among the prominent features of the Merkava Mk 3 are: new suspension system, 1200 horsepower engine and new transmission, higher power main gun and ballistic protection provided by special armour modules. About 1000 Merkava Mk 2 and Mk 3 tanks are in service with the IDF.

Development of the Merkava Mk 4 has begun and will include a new compressed gas recoil system and thermal sleeve for the 120 mm gun, to enable the firing of enhanced kinetic energy ammunition.

ARMAMENT

The main gun is a 120 mm smoothbore gun developed by Israeli Military Industries. The gun has a Vidco Industries thermal sleeve, which increases accuracy by preventing distortion through the effects of heat and shock. The tank carries an ammunition store of 50 rounds of 120 mm ammunition. The tank is also equipped with three 7.62 mm machine guns, two roof mounted and one co-axial with the main gun. The tank carries a store of 10,000 rounds of 7.62 mm ammunition.

The Soltam 60 mm mortar system is capable of firing high explosive rounds and illumination bombs. The crew can load, aim and fire the mortar system from within the turret.

PROTECTION

The tank's is fitted with the Amcoram LWS-2 laser warning system, with threat warning display installed at the commander's station.

The turret and the hull are fitted with a modular armour system which can be changed in the field. The forward section of the turret is fitted with additional blocks of armour which provide extra protection against the latest generation of top attack anti-tank missiles.

A skirt of chains with ball weights is installed on the lower half of the turret bustle. Incoming HEAT projectiles detonate on impact with the chains instead of penetrating the turret ring. Sprung armour side skirts protect the wheels and tracks.

FIRE CONTROL AND OBSERVATION

The electro-hydraulic turret control system installed on the Merkava Mk 1 and Mk 2 has been replaced by a totally electrical and electronic system in the Mk 3, operated by either the gunner or the commander. The Knight Mk III advanced fire control system, from Electro Optics Industries (EL-OP) and Elbit Ltd, provides the tank with the ability to engage moving targets while on the move.

The gunner's station is equipped with a thermal sight and day television channel, which are stabilised in two axes. A laser rangefinder and target tracker are integrated into the gunner's sight. The Elbit automatic target tracker is able to automatically aim at the target using the image data presented on the day or night sights.

The commander's station is fitted with a sight which can be optically relayed to the gunner's sight. The Merkava 3 is being fitted with a new day/night stabilised panoramic sight, giving hunter/killer capacity.

PROPULSION

The Merkava Mk 3 is equipped with an AVDS-1790-9AR diesel supplied by Teledyne Continental Motors. The air-cooled diesel provides 1,200 horsepower, compared to the 900 horsepower engine installed in the Mk 1 and Mk 2. The tank's transmission system was developed by the Ashot Ashkelon Industries Limited subsidiary of Israel Military Industries.


Specifications:
Property Value
Weight (kg)
61000
Main weapon caliber (mm)
105
Ammunition of the main gun
62
Grenade launcher calibre (mm)
60
Engine power output (h.p.)
900


Has folowing part:
Total Amount
AFEDSS (Explosion suppression system)
1
M68 (Gun)
1


Related Articles

Sloped Armour (25.02.2013)

Missile Tank (03.01.2013)

General Dynamics Selected for Merkava Armored Personnel Carriers for Israel (31.10.2010)

Elbit Systems Introduces at Eurosatory 2010: New Dual Remote Weapon Station (DRWS) (08.06.2010)

Imco industries announced its top-of-the-line LED Lights - Illumination devices for armored fighting vehicles (07.06.2010)

Infantry Fighting Vehicle (29.01.2007)

Main Battle Tank (21.07.2006)

General Dynamics Participates in Successful Trophy Active Protection System Experiments at DoD Test Facility (03.04.2006)

ORCWS 25-30 Unmanned Turret System Completes Field Trials (22.12.2005)

   
Actions...
 
Printable Version
 
Printable Version  
rss
 
favorite
 
MERKAVA Mk-2
MERKAVA Mk-2
MERKAVA Mk-2
MERKAVA Mk-2
MERKAVA Mk-2
MERKAVA Mk-2
MERKAVA Mk-2
MERKAVA Mk-2
MERKAVA Mk-2
MERKAVA Mk-2