|Manufacturer:||KBP Instrument Design Bureau|
|Product type:||Protection Systems|
|Name:||Active protection system|
The original Drozd (Thrush) tank active defence system was developed some years ago and subsequently installed on T-55 and T-62 series MBTs. More recently it has been observed installed on a T-80U-M1 MBT.
The main drawback of the first generation Drozd, covered in a separate entry, is that it only protected the frontal arc of the vehicle.
Early in 1999, the KBP Instrument Design Bureau revealed that it had developed a new version called Drozd-2. This has been designed to protect the MBT, or other armoured vehicle, through a full 360°.
Drozd-2 has been designed to protect both Russian tanks of T-55, T-62, T-72, T-80, T-90 types and all foreign tanks from anti-tank grenades, guided and unguided rockets. According to the manufacturer, the Drozd-2 provides a 3.5 fold reduction of tank losses on the battlefield.
The Drozd-2 system has been designed to engage anti-tank munitions fitted with different warheads, including those of a tandem configuration.
The system has all-season, round-the-clock and all-weather capabilities with an operational temperature range from -20 to +60°C.
The Drozd-2 tank active defence system consists of three key components: the control unit mounted inside of the turret, two radar modules which are normally mounted one either side of the turret and the launch tubes for the munition. A total of 18 launcher tubes are fitted and each of these cover an arc of 20° in and from -6 to +20° in azimuth.
A typical target engagement would take place as follows. The incoming missile or projectile with a velocity of between 50 and 500 m/s would first be detected by the radar. This would measure the moving target parameters and at the correct time command a munition to be launched automatically into the path of the oncoming missile. The munition would then detonate at the correct time at a range of 6 m from the turret and its high explosive fragmentation warhead would divert or destroy the incoming missile.
Each missile is expendable and is of the high explosive fragmentation type with a calibre of 107 mm, a length of 445 mm and weighing 19 kg.
The Drozd-2 consumes 0.6 kW with the total system weight being no more than 800 kg.
Development complete. Ready for production.
Anti-Tank Guided Missile (02.04.2007)